Public Art Represents the Artistic Taste of a City
Public art is to create approachable artworks for common people in public space. It is one of the cultural indicators of a city, highlighting the artistic taste and atmosphere of a country and a city. The purpose of installing public art is to enrich the urban space, increase the sense of beauty, and enhance the taste of the people. Therefore, public art must be integrated with the urban environment to achieve the purpose of sharing with the public.
Taiwan passed the "Cultural and Arts Reward Act" in 1992 and "Regulations Governing the Installation of Public Artwork" in 1998, stipulating that major government public projects should be equipped with artworks to beautify the environment, and that 1% of the construction costs must be utilized for installing public art. Taiwan's public space has since gained legal provisions to institutionalize art. As of now, nearly a thousand pieces of public art have been installed. Whether it is an artist, community or engineering unit, people are no longer distant with public art.
Public Art Is a Professional Field
Public art is a field of professional operation. The definition of public art is determined by its production process and the process of integrating public space. Therefore, the Regulations Governing the Installation of Public Artwork is carried out through the administrative procedures of the professional system, allowing the implementing agency to select the artworks suitable for the public space with the assistance of the professional art committee. Artists and administrators involved in public art are required to have not only basic knowledge of the history of art and aesthetics, but also knowledge of landscape architecture, architecture, urban planning, and engineering.
In addition, the key element of public art is publicity, which includes three fundamentality - publicity of the base, publicity of the issues, and publicity of interaction. During the implementation of public art, emphasis should be put on the connection between art and communities. Public participation is vital for demonstrating the publicity of public art. It can build consensus internally and present the spirit of residents externally. Public participation plays an important role in public art installation plans.
Chen Hui-ting, the director of Shalom Arts Consulting, Inc., devoted herself to the legislation of Regulations Governing the Installation of Public Artwork. From instruction, implementation, planning and cooperation with international artist. To installation, public participation and education. She absorbed numerous great experience. And here followed five main missions of Shalom Arts.